Weber was concerned with capitalism as a system of social action and looked at the connections between religion, law and politics marx saw the economic base as determining the superstructure (the ideas, law, politics, religion, etc) although he also recognised that these institutions will in turn also influence the base. A comparison of marx and weber's theories with respect to their ideas and interpretations on capitalism marx's view of the industrialist society he lived in was one of inequality and driven by capitalism his ideas and interpretations of capitalism are based on historical precedent and industrialism.
Weber sees capitalism as motivating whereas marx views it as something that is quite the opposite with his ideas on alienation, marx embraces the notion that capitalism is not only less than ideal, but responsible for the divide among the populous.
Essay on marx, weber and their critique of global capitalism 1756 words | 8 pages while marx and weber had divergent analyses of capitalism, their evaluations of modern global capitalism have a common thread of thought.
Marx does not ignore the affinities between capitalist accumulation and the puritan ethics, although he does not give it the same importance as weber in his grundrisse he refers to the connexion ( zusammenang) between capitalism and english puritanism or dutch protestantism. Weber's argument can be understood as an attempt to deepen the understanding of the cultural origins of capitalism, which does not exclude the historical materialist origins described by marx: modern capitalism emerged from an elective affinity of 'material and 'ideal' factors. Marx saw the development of capitalism as inevitable (because of structure) but weber saw it as the result of a number of social forces (social actions) coming together by historical accident marx was critical of capitalist society and sought to change it.
Compare and contrast: marx's and weber's theories weber sees capitalism as motivating whereas marx views it as something that is quite the opposite with his ideas on alienation, marx embraces the notion that capitalism is not only less than ideal, but responsible for the divide among the populous. Against marx's historical materialism, weber emphasised the importance of cultural.
Weber's best known work in economics concerned the preconditions.